Built by Franciscan friars in 1731 as a base for converting local natives to Catholocism and teaching them to become Spanish citizens . . . #sanantonio #sanantoniomissions #missionsnps #mission #historicmission #nationalhistoriclandmark #nationalparkservice #findyourpark #exploremore #neverstopexploring #optoutside #getoutstayout #visualsoflife #enjoythemoment #chasethemoment
The very adventurous @mcott from our friends over @smallerearth says that to make it her big year she would want to take a trip to the beautiful country of Iceland. She would do everything from swimming in the beautiful blue lagoon to hiking through Thingvellir National Park. #makeityourbigyear
The Old Mission Santa Barbara #historic #historicdistrict #historiclandmark #santa #barbara #missionsantabarbara #mission #god #tower #house #oldhouse #historicmission #california #usa #martinmarcusphotographer #martinmarcusphotography #godishere #godblessamerica #secret ##belief #catholicchurch #church #spring #blooming #bloomingsantabarbara #thehistoricmissionsantabarbara #oldarchitecture #legacy #eastersantabarbaramission #easter
The historic old mission Santa Barbara currently serves as a Parish Church, a Franciscan monastery, and a seminary for Franciscans. It also functions as a repository for historical mission records. Come and visit! ❤️ • • • • • • #historicmission #santabarbaraliving #touristspots #californialifestyle #californiamissions #spanishhistory #christianitytoday #touristattractions
How I feel today after working 8 hours outside in the rain yesterday after no sleep. This would make a great design for a bed headboard actually! ☠️🤒 #graveyard #tombstone #cemetery #death #historicmission #morbidhumor #currentmood #deathling #sangabrielvalley #losangeles #skullandcrossbones #feellikedeath
The Historic Mission,Santa Barbara 🌎🌞🚢⛪🌴⛰🇺🇸 #santabarbara #california #love #cute #smile #wow #happy #beautiful #usa #historicmission #losangeles #wanderlust #tbt #picoftheday #f4f #pleasefollow #follow #followback #igers #instagramhub #instamood #photooftheday #instagram #westcoast
I love romantic, affectionate, tender, sweet, and sexy poses too.... but I think my favorites are almost always the moments I catch them laughing. I love seeing couples laugh together and enjoy the moment being in each other’s arms and getting a kick out of anything. Can’t wait for Cara & Christiaan’s big day ❤️ . . . . . #canon5dmarkiv #canonphotographer #canon85mm14
Get a dose of #SantaBarbaraHistory at the @oldmissionsb.
Today I ran with my sole sister @crysg88 and her runner dog @rio_the_malimix at Mission Espada Park. My runner dog stayed home in his warm bed. We had a great 6 miler!! Rio did not care that I am now 14 weeks pregnant and it feels like a melon is inside me. He was fast!! #legallyarunner #preggorunner #runner #solesisters #kingwilliamdistrictcrossfit #crossfitters #runnergirl #friends #runrunrun #birthfit #pregnancy #sanantonio #iruntexas #historicmission #2run0 #ffsaambassadors #ffsports #ffsanantonio #runnerdog #disneyprincesshalf #halfmarathontraining
Queen of missions ... historic old mission of Santa Barbara... . . #timeless #oldmission #historicmission #queenofmissions #coastalcalifornia #santabarbara #socal #californialifestyle #californiathebeautiful #explore_california #wanderlust #wanderer #explore_the_world #amazingdestinations #best_californiacoast
May your hearts be filled with the gift of Love, encourage you with the gift of Hope, and bless you with the promise of Peace. Wishing you a happy Christmas Season, from all of us at @solanocanyon #missionsanconrado #solanocanyon #BouettStreet #historicmission #sanconradomission #merrychristmas #feliznavidad #LAmissions
On this Thanksgiving morning, as I was walking in prayer in loving memory of my mom's passing, (November 27, 2015) I was thinking I have so much to be thankful even though I am beyond sad because of her not physically with us. I know she's in my heart as well in my kids hearts. And the memories we have shared go unmeasurable. I am thankful for my life as it is and for what it shall be. Love your moms. 💚 😥 of course your dad's too. Happy Thanksgiving to you all. 🦃🙏🏼💙 #Blessed #Grateful #HappyLife #SanXavierMission #HistoricMission #BeautifulView #NoFilter #MotivationMonica #Thanksgiving2017 #Prayers #Believer #Love #Peace #MonicaMarieS #SelfieQueen #PrayerWalkForMyMom #LoreneAnn #November232017
A few more Pics from Saturdays Dia De los Muertos #familia #Sinland #riverside #dialelosmuertos #downtown #historicmission #neverforgotten #charter1983 Thank you to all that put in extra work, and thank you to All that came by our altar to chill out and pay respect to our Fallen.
#riverside #california #missioninn #historicalbuilding #oldmission #southerncalifornia #concertnight #headingtotheshow #withmylady #dinner #nightonthetown #tuesdaymotivation #worktomorrow #longnight #riverside #california #calilife #southerncalifornia #californiarepublic #historicmission #historicmissioninn #gameofthrones
#Truth will never be found in concepts. It's all mind games that we're playing... The intuitive mind is way more intelligent than the physical mind... If we receive information but we don't shift our sense of #identity , our sense of selves, if we don't understand who we are, then it doesn't matter what information we receive. It's going to get filtered through your identification with the body, mind and your memories. You can only be that #powerful if you identify with something that's not who you really are, something that is limited by space and time-bound. Anything can mess with you when you believe you're limited... You are not the body, the mind, and the person. You can have direct access to these higher states of Consciousness from which there is no threat. -- Bentinho Massaro #selfrealization #bentinhomassarotv #trinfinityacademy #lovelife #lokahsamastahsukhinobhavantu #coffeealchemist #rotunda #historicmission #riverside
Whenever you're sad, whenever you're not happy, it's about you, always. Every ounce of your unhappiness is because you're making it about you. Every time you're truly ecstatic, it's because somehow you've been able to catalyze through others, even if you have nothing to do with it physically, that caused a particular frequency of Truth to be realized in the Consciousness of those people. Every time you've been genuinely happy and carefree, it's been about everyone else. -- Bentinho Massaro #selfrealization #bentinhomassarotv #trinfinityacademy #smile #notserious #lovelife #lokahsamastahsukhinobhavantu #coffeealchemist #historicmission #riverside
When you say It, It is done. The Word is the Power in this world... The Word is conceptual navigation... A concept is a frequency, a package of information that can either direct you there or there. When I say the Word, I mean the concept, the intention, the vibrational definition about what is always neutral and empty, which is configurations of energy. So how I define my reality will command my reality. -- Bentinho Massaro #selfrealization #bentinhomassarotv #trinfinityacademy #lovelife #lokahsamastahsukhinobhavantu #coffeealchemist #riverside #historicmission Photo credit by @coffeealchemist
My history teacher told me to remember this place, but I forgot already. However, the prickly pear fruit that I stole from the premises was unforgettably delectable. (But real talk, who can ever forget the cunning politico-military strategy of the [in]famous Mexican caudillo Antonio López de Santa Anna?) . . . #thealamo #rememberthealamo #texashistory #DTSA #historicmission #texasrepublic #santaanna #canon #canont6
Old Historic Mission . . . #nightphotography #nightshot #nightphoto #nightlights #nightscape #nightlove #night #nightout #addictedtonights #addictedtolights #addictedtolanterns #architecture #cityscape #historicarchitecture #historicpreservation #historicalplace #historicalsite #historicmission #santabarbara #night_out #longexpo #longexposure #longexposure_shots #instadameshots #ig_shotz #ig_great_shot #colorphotography
Holy water . . . #nightphotography #nightshot #nightphoto #nightlights #nightscape #nightlove #night #nightout #addictedtonights #addictedtolights #addictedtolanterns #architecture #cityscape #historicarchitecture #historicpreservation #historicalplace #historicalsite #historicmission #night_out #longexpo #longexposure #longexposure_shots #instadameshots #ig_shotz #ig_great_shot #colorphotography
The one. The only. The Santa Barbara Mission.
Hey Warriors, check out our Feature today on the 21st and last of the California Missions. Learn about: Mission San Francisco Solano AKA “Sonoma Mission” Address: 114 E Spain St, Sonoma, CA 95476 Named After: St. Francis Solano, a Spanish Franciscan who served for 20 years as a missionary in Peru & Paraguay. Founded: July 4, 1823 Founding Missionaries: Fr. José Altimira Native Americans Joining This Mission: Neophytes were primarily members of the Coast Miwok, Pomo, Suisunes, Wappo and Patwin tribes. The mission was established at the site of the village of Huchi. Mission Site: In the center of Sonoma, 40 miles north of San Francisco. Layout: Traditional quadrangle, near which the town of Sonoma developed. Water Source: There was ample water from a spring a quarter of a mile northeast the mission complex. Population: The highest mission population was 996, in 1832. Livestock: San Francisco Solano only operated for 11 years before it was secularized. It did have a meaningful herd of 3,500 cattle & 900 horses. The Mission's total of 5,063 animals (in 1832) was the smallest in the Mission chain. Agricultural Output: Mission Sonoma did not have time to fully develop its agriculture. Output between mission founding and 1832 was only about 14,000 bushels, of grain and produce. An official U.S. Land Survey shows a large Mission vineyard. Mission Church: The current church is an authentic restoration of the 1840 church, rebuilt in 1911-13 with the support of the Historic Landmark League, which acquired the property in 1903. The last major restoration was in 1943-44. The church measures 105 feet long and is 22 feet wide. Mission Bells: A wooden frame outside the mission entrance holds one of the original bells, which was cast in 1829. Special Attraction: The wing that was the Padre's quarters is now a museum. What was the dining room in this section of the mission now displays mission paintings done by Chris Jorgensen between 1903-1905. The Mexican-era soldiers barracks (just across from the mission) has been restored and now contain a small museum and a gift shop.
#POLITICS 06/25/2017 12:29 pm ET #KellyanneConway Defends Medicaid Cuts, Says Adults Can Always Find Jobs #Realitycheck : Most of them have jobs already. By #JonathanCohn White House counselor #KellyanneConway on Sunday came right out and said what so many Republicans are probably thinking ― that #takingMedicaid away from able-bodied adults is no big deal, because they can go out and #findjobs that provide #healthinsurance . Apparently nobody told Conway that the #majorityofablebodied adults #onMedicaid already have jobs. The #problem is that they work as #parkinglotattendants #childcareworkers , #manicurists and #dishwashers ― in other words, #lowpayingjobs that typically #dontofferinsurance . Take away their #Medicaid and they won’t be covered. Appearing on ABC “This Week” program, #Conway faced tough questions about steep cuts to #Medicaid in the #BetterHealthCareAct ― the bill to repeal the #AffordableCareAct that #SenateRepublican leaders released on Thursday and hope to bring to a vote this week. The #AffordableCareAct ― #Obamacare ― offered states extra #federalmatchingfunds to expand #Medicaid eligibility, so that anybody with income below or just above the poverty line would qualify. Under the #Senate bill, like its #Housecounterpart , the #federalgovernment would #withdraw those extra funds, forcing most of the 31 states (plus the District of Columbia) that accepted the money to roll back their expansions partly or entirely. When ABC’s #GeorgeStephanopoulos asked #Conway about this possibility, she offered an increasingly familiar argument ― that #Obamacare had over-extended Medicaid by taking the program away from its #historicmission of covering children, pregnant women, the elderly and the disabled. “#Obamacare took #Medicaid , which was designed to help the poor, the needy, the sick, disabled, also children and pregnant women, it took it and went way above the poverty line to many able-bodied Americans who ... should at least see if there are other options for them.” She added: “If they are able-bodied and they want to work, then they’ll have employer-sponsored benefits like you and I do.” If only it were that easy. Read more #HP
#myfather "Who was a member of the TRW Systems Group team and his efforts made possible for the overwhelming success of Pioneer 10, first spacecraft to explore Jupiter. This photograph and certificate are presented in appreciation of your contribution to this historic mission. We share your pride in having helped pave the way for future journeys to new and boundless worlds". This picture was taken from Pioneer 10 at 11:20 PM PTS December 1, 1973... 1,570,000 miles from Jupiter. #prouddaughter #myfathermyhero #spaceexploration #firstphotoofjupiter #jupiter #historic #historicmission #theyeariwasborn #1973 #engineer #aerospaceengineer #satellite #satelliteengineer #outerspace #beyondthestars
• • • 🕇 Faith does not make things easy, it makes them possible 🕇 #ysletamissionchurch #ysletadelsurpueblo #missiontrail #historicmission #heyelpaso #itsallgoodep #instaeptx #igerselpaso #eptx #thecitymagazine #getlostep #iheartep #exploresomething #letsgoshoot #downlowshot #afternoonadventures #faith #churchflow
Still working on editing my last few shoots, so I'm throwing it back to the day we shot in this gorgeous historic California mission. I still dream with the chimes of these bells!
I Madonnari Italian Street Painting - Santa Barbara. This is one of my Rose images that I will be drawing in chalk (7ft x 7ft) over Memorial Day Weekend. #santabarbara , #chalk festival, #imadonnaristreetpainting , #historicmission , #stephenbryer , #roseartist @stephenbryer.com
Hey people, read about Today’s Feature on California’s 15th Historic Spanish Mission. Learn about: Mission San Juan Bautista AKA “Mission of Music” La Misión del Glorioso Precursor de Jesus Cristo, Nuestro Señor San Juan Bautista (The Mission of the Glorious Precursor of Jesus Christ, Our Lord San Juan Bautista) Address: San Juan Bautista State Historic Park, San Juan Bautista, CA 95045 Named After: St. John the Baptist, relative of Jesus Christ. Founded: June 24, 1797 Founding Priest(s): Father Fermín Lasuén Returned to the Church: 1859 Mission Church: The present Church was dedicated on June 23, 1812, and replaced the much smaller adobe Chapel of 1797-98 built by Ygnacio Barrera, Second Carpenter of the frigate Concepción. In 1818 Anglo-American carpenter Felipe Santiago (Thomas Doak), the earliest American settler in California, painted (and very likely constructed) the main altar reredos after a design by Fr. Estevan Tapis. Mission Bells: The Church did not include a bell tower. 2 bells were hung from a wooden bell rack. A two-tiered companario with 3 bell openings was added during a 1976 restoration. One of the bells is original. Mission Art: The 1818 main altar reredos (altar screen) & bultos (Saints) remain largely un-restored. The Church ambo or pulpit, which has a sounding board mounted overhead, was installed shortly after 1812-13. In 1820 the church acquired the largest & most complete collection of apostolate paintings in the Mission chain. Special Attraction: San Juan Bautista offers the best opportunity to see & appreciate the California of 160 years ago. There are some 30 historic buildings in the 12-block area surrounding the Spanish Plaza (the only original one remaining in the state) including the Mission's original adobe manjerio (nunnery), since renamed Plaza Hall and the former cuartel (Soldier's barracks) retrofitted by Angelo Zanetta in 1858 as the Plaza Hotel. Secularized: 1835 Year Returned to Catholic Church: 1859, by U.S. President James Buchanan. Current Status: Active Catholic church since 1797, now under the Roman Catholic Diocese of Monterey. The existing adobe church has seen continuous use since 1812
Feeling inspired by the history of Mission. ✨ Check out this sweet picture of first ave back in the day... 2 way street!!
Hey people, check out our Feature on California’s 14th Historic Spanish Mission. Learn about: Mission San Jose AKA “The Mission of the Most Glorious Patriarch Saint Joseph” Address: 43300 Mission Blvd, Fremont, CA 94539 Named After: Saint Joseph, husband of Mary. Founded: June 11, 1797 Founding Father President: Fr. Fermiin Francisco de Lasuén Founding Missionaries: Frs. Isidro Barcenilla and Agustín Merino. Prominent Missionary Leaders: Frs. Buenaventura Fortuny and Narciso Duran were assigned to San Jose in 1806, & these talented, energetic padres worked together with the Indians for 27 years to build one of the most prosperous missions in California. Native Americans Joining This Mission: San Jose was founded in the land of the Costanoan people. Ohlone, one of the most prominent Coastanoan tribes, is often used to refer to the natives of the San Jose & San Francisco de Asis missions. San Jose also recruited indians from other groups including Miwok, Patwin & Northern Valley Yukuts. Mission Site: In Fremont, 15 miles northeast of the pueblo (and current city) of San Jose. Agricultural Output: Mission San Jose, which was well managed and located in an area with rich soil, had the second highest agricultural production of the 21 missions (approximately 289,000 bushels of grain and produce). It's production of barley, corn, beans and vegetables often exceeded the amount grown by any other mission during these years. San José also had extensive olive and fruit tree orchards and there was a large vineyard near the mission quadrangle. San Jose rapidly became known for the quality of its olive oil, fruit and produce. Mission Church: The simple but powerful San José Church is a restoration of the 1809 Church, which was destroyed in an earthquake in 1868. The authentic restoration was completed during 1982-85. Mission Bells: The bell tower is quite truncated but contains 4 original bells. Mission Art: The restored padre's wing is now a Museum.
The incomparable Mission del Bac... so close and yet so far away...
Hey warriors, read about Today’s Feature on California’s 13th Historic Spanish Mission. Learn about: Mission Nuestra Señora de la Soledad AKA “Soledad Mission” Address: 36641 Fort Romie Rd, Soledad, CA 93960 Named After: Our Lady of Solitude Founding Father President: Fr. Fermin Francisco de Lasuen Founding Missionaries: Frs. Mariano Rubi and Diego Garcia Native Americans Joining This Mission: Few natives lived in the vicinity of this mission so Indians were recruited from many tribes including the Chalon, Esselen, Yokuts and Salinan. Mission Site: 30 miles southeast of Monterey in the Salinas River Valley at a site thought to have been an Esselen village known by the natives as Chuttusgelis. Layout: A courtyard-centered quadrangle with out-buildings. Neophyte housing was located to the south and the cemetery to the east. Water Source: Salinas River (too low for irrigation) was used for livestock needs. The Arroyo Seco brought seasonal waters. A 15 mile long zanja or aqueduct dug by neophytes (rediscovered by archaeologists from CSU Monterey Bay in 2007) eventually irrigated some 20,000 acres in the Llano del Rey or lands about the mission. Population: The highest recorded population was 687 in 1804 Livestock: The Soledad mission had a livestock herd of 6,000 cattle and 4,950 sheep in 1834, the last year for which records were maintained. The number of sheep exceeded 9,000 during the mission's peak years. Agricultural Output: Agricultural production at Soledad ranked it in the bottom third of mission chain. Over the years 1793 - 1834 Soledad harvasted 119,492 bushels of wheat, barley, corn, beans and peas. Its most important product was wheat. Mission Church: The simple Soledad chapel was built in 1832, and restored in 1954. The church was originally located at the east end of the padre's quarters until circa 1824 when it was destroyed in one of the recurring floods that plagued this hard luck mission. Mission Bells: A copy of the original mission bell, cast in Mexico City in 1794, hangs on a wooden beam to the left of the Church entrance. The original is kept inside the Church.
Also known as the "Queen of the Mission," the @santabarbaramission does not disappoint with its striking presence. Have a picnic on its front lawn or walk around its great interior for a glimpse of its long history. #SantaBarbara #historic #HistoricMission #HistoricSB #HistoricSantaBarbara #SBMission #SantaBarbaraHistoricMission #ExploreSB #entrance #welcome #giftshop #OldSantaBarbaraMission
Hey people, Our Feature today is on California’s 12th Historic Spanish Mission. Learn about: Mission Santa Cruz A.K.A “The Hard-luck Mission" Address: 130 Emmett St, Santa Cruz, CA 95060 Named After: La Misión de la Exaltación de la Santa Cruz A.K.A The Mission of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross Founded: August 28, 1791 Founding Father President: Fr. Fermiin Francisco de Lasuén Founding Missionaries: Frs. Isídro Salazar and Balamero López Native Am Joining This Mission: Members of the Awaswas tribelet of the Costanoan family were the predominant early neophytes, joined later by other Costanoans and Yokuts. Mission Site: On a bluff in the city of Santa Cruz, near the mouth of the San Lorenzo River and the native site of Uypi on the Monterey Bay. Moved to this location in 1793. Layout: Traditional quadrangle with a large garden & orchard near the mission. Population: Close proximity to the pueblo of Branciforte (present day Santa Cruz) and a series of natural disasters limited the success of this mission. The peak population recorded was only 523, achieved in 1796. Mission Church: The current mission chapel is a well-executed smaller one-third scale replica of the 1795 mission church. It was erected in 1931. Mission Bells: The original mission Church, whose bell tower collapsed in 1840, contained 9 or 10 bells, none of which have survived. The mission replica has a 20th century bell hanging in tower. Mission Art: The interior of the church has only a few original artifacts, most of which were lost or destroyed in earthquakes. There is a 1797 oil painting of the Virgen de Guadalupe hanging on the side wall of the church, and in the garden may be seen the original hand-carved baptismal font once located in the sanctuary. Special Attraction: A portion of the original nephyte housing area of 1822 has been restored and may be seen in the adjacent Santa Cruz Mission State Historic Park. Significant Event(s): The Mission was looted in 1818 by the residents of the nearby pueblo of Branciforte after the mission's inhabitants fled under threat of pirate attack by Hypolite de Bouchard. The pueblo was founded with former prison convicts from Guadalajara.
Mission in hiding // 35mm capture
Hey warriors, Our Feature this week is on California’s 11th Historic Spanish Mission. Learn about: Mission La Purísima Concepción A.K.A The “Linear Mission” Address: 2295 Purisima Rd, Lompoc, CA 93436 Named After: Mary, the Mother of Jesus. The name honors "The Immaculate Conception of Mary the Most Pure. Founded: December 8th, 1787 Founding Father President: Fr. Fermín Francisco de Lasuėn Founding Missionaries: Frs. Vincente Fuster and Jose Arroita Prominent Missionary Leaders: Fr. Mariano Payéras served 19 years at this mission Indians Joining This Mission: The mission was established in the land of the Chumash people. Native Americans Joining This Mission: The mission was established in the land of the Chumash people. Mission Site: Originally established at the Indian village of Algsacupi (on the edge of present day Lompoc). An earthquake on December 21, 1812 destroyed the mission, which was then relocated about 4.5 miles to the northeast in the Valley of the Watercress. Layout: The rebuilt mission (completed between 1813-1818) was laid out in linear fashion, the only California mission not organized as a quadrangle. Mission Church: The mission church, which has a simple exterior, has been handsomely restored. Located as it is in an state historic park, it is not an active church. Mission Bells: The companario was copied after the one at Santa Ines, since no records existed that described the original design. The bell tower has 2 rolling bells and 1 stationary bell. Mission Art: The mission museum and the new Visitors Center & Exhibit Hall display many period artifacts including an 1818 bell, a complete set of vestments, a handsome confessional, tools and tiles, and 2 original paintings from the mission. Special Attraction: La Purisima is a "living history" museum. Time your visit on a day when there are sepcial activities or an encampment scheduled. Check the mission website: htpp://www.lapurisimamission.org/
Hey teens, read about Today’s Feature on California’s 10th Historic Spanish Mission. Learn about: Mission Santa Bárbara Address: 201 Laguna St, Santa Barbara, CA 93105 Named After: St. Barbara, a legendary martyred church figure of the 3rd century Founded: December 4th, 1786 Founding Father President: Fr. Fermín Francisco de Lasuėn Founding Missionaries: Frs. Antonio Paterna and Cristóbal Oramas Prominent Missionary Leaders: Fr. Narciso Durán, who was elected Father President of the missions in 1825 and again in 1830, made Santa Barbara the chain's headquarters from 1833 to 1846. Native Americans Joining This Mission: Santa Bárbara was the 3rd mission established in the land of the Chumash people at the native site of Xana'yan. The neophytes were referred to as Barbareño (after the mission) & Canaleño. Mission Site: In the city of Santa Barbara on a hill commanding a striking view of the sea. Layout: Santa Barbara was laid out in the traditional quadrangle, with separate granaries, a weavery with patio, tannery, and neophyte housing forming additional courtyard-oriented squares. Many of the existing buildings at the rear of the mission complex, however, were created to meet the needs of the seminary, established in the 20th century. Most of the new construction follows the foundations of the old quadrangle. Population: The highest population recorded was 1,792, in 1803 Mission Church: The church was completed in 1820 with 1 tower. The 2nd tower was added in 1831, collapsed within 2 years, and was rebuilt in 1833. The Neoclassic facade was inspired by a mission archives copy of the Spanish edition of The Six Books of Architecture by Marcus Vitruvius Pollio. a Roman architect of 1st century B.C. Mission Bells: 6 bells hang within the 2 Church towers.
Hey warriors, This week’s feature is on California’s 9th Historic Spanish Mission. Learn about: Mission San Buenaventura Address: 211 E Main St, Ventura, CA 93001 Named After: Saint Bonaventure, a 13th century Franciscan cardinal & renowned philosopher. Founded: March 31, 1782 Founded By: Fr. Junipero Serra Founding Missionaries: Frs. Vincente de Santa María and Francisco Dymetz Native Americans Joining This Mission: San Buenaventura was located in the land of the Chumash people. After the establishment of the mission the neophytes were known as Ventureño. Mission Site: The mission was located near the sizeable Indian village of Mitsquanaqa'n with about 500 inhabitants. San Buenaventura is 70 miles north of Los Angeles in the city of Ventura, which developed around the mission. Layout: Traditional quadrange, which was still standing as late as 1875. Population: The peak years for this mission were 1802-1821. The highest recorded population was 1,328 in 1816. During the mission era there were 1,107 marriages performed at San Buenaventura. Mission Church: The 1st Church was destroyed by fire in 1793. The 2nd Church was dedicated in 1809, & reconstructed in 1816 after an earthquake. The walls are 6 foot thick near the base. The Church had to be restored after it was "modernized" in 1893. Restoration was completed in 1957. Mission Bells: A 3-tiered companario contains 5 bells originally borrowed from Mission Santa Barbara. The 2 oldest bells date from 1781. The bell on the upper level is the newest. It was cast in 1956 in Paris. Mission Art: The high altar and its reredos orginated in Mexico and were installed when the church was dedicated in 1809. The Shrine of the Crucifixion on the left side of the church contains a 400-year old bulto. Special Attraction: There is a well-landscaped garden with a fountain, stone grotto, and exterior displays on the east side of the church. The inviting mission museum (built in 1929) contains the original church doors & 2 original wooden bells, which were used during Holy Week when the metal bells were silent.